17 Juli 2017

Causes and Characteristics of the Body Malnutrition

Malnutrition occurs when a person does not receive adequate nutrients from diet. This causes damage to the vital organs and functions of the body. Lack of food is the most cause of malnutrition in the poorer and developing countries.

Lack of nutrition in the body can actually be felt without having to do the examination to the doctor. And you should know, malnutrition in the body is a serious health disorder. Only among some individuals who do not question, perhaps because of limited knowledge about health.

In this article, click on healthy info will share the characteristics of body traits that often adversely affect health because of malnutrition. For that, we think it is very important you know that your body is always healthy and strong. Lack of nutrition in the human body certainly there is a cause, it is a lot of factors that can cause your body malnutrition.

Characteristics of the Body Malnutrition

Here you can know, the characteristics of malnutrition body that is below:
  1. The most common sign that can be known is not ideal weight
  2. Quickly feel tired
  3. Decreased concentration
  4. Fast depression
  5. Quickly bored while working on something that is often done, such as work or task
  6. Easy to cold
  7. The healing process on the wound is too long
  8. Easy to fall because the muscles are weak
  9. Often loses appetite

Above is a sign or characteristic traits of individuals who are malnourished in the body. This is certainly a health problem that can not be allowed. You need to know, maybe still very minimal knowledge related to the world of health, for that with the existence of this health article can help you know your own health condition.

Explanation of points above is a sign of an individual malnourished. This is certainly no cause so that the individual is experiencing poor health conditions. So what are the causes of many individuals who are malnourished without them knowing?

The following can lead to malnutrition in the individual body:
  • Appetite is reduced so it can make your body look thin
  • Experiencing a disease that can cause disruption to eating. This can happen to individuals who have anorexia. Because people with this disease, the food has been eaten can spew back.
  • Ulcer disease so often nausea nausea.
  • Often consume alcohol, coffee, cigarettes, and the like that can inhibit the appetite.
  • Often stay up can also trigger the body is not healthy.

Not only the above explanation can make you malnourished in the body. Many other factors that of course can also adversely affect the health of the body caused by malnutrition. Economic conditions (financial) is also very influential on health conditions. Finance is also very important role in good health condition of body.

How come? With financial all paspasan to cause the inability to buy healthy food menu. Finance is also a major factor that could have an impact on the lack of nutrition in the body. Barriers are what can make some individuals look tired, lack of focus, even depression.

However, even if your finances are thinned, the health of the body should take precedence. Because with healthy conditions you can improve your current economy is reduced. How to try, pray, and also work to improve your finances.

The solution for the body is malnourished

Before doing anything for your health, it is advisable to consult a doctor. Because the doctor is capable and also know the lack of something in your body. Thus, there will certainly be the best solution from medical team to overcome the bad health condition.

Before your body is malnourished, it is advisable to eat a balanced diet every day. They consist of vegetables and fruits, dairy products, carbohydrate foods (rice, potatoes, bread, cereal or pasta), and protein foods (meat, eggs, fish, or nuts). It also includes a perfect 4 healthy 5 meals.

Fruit That is Able to Overcome Diabetes

List of excellent healthy fruits for diabetics. Especially for those of you who experience it, then know some healthy types that can overcome diabetes.

Diabetes is a metabolic disease, in which sufferers have high levels of sugar caused by inadequate insulin production or because cells in the body do not respond to insulin, or it may be due to a combination of these two factors, resulting in frequent urination , Often feeling hungry and also thirsty.

For those of you who have diabetes dry or mellitus, of course very concerned. It is also felt by the sufferer. Well, to overcome this type of disease, then in this article click on healthy info to share the type of fruit is very well consumed by people with this disease that is diabetes.

Factors that can cause the recurrence of diabetes is certainly very influential on lifestyle. This can be triggered from food sources and unhealthy lifestyles. Well to prevent and treat this one disease you can do by eating healthy foods that can reduce and cure the type of diabetes that exists.

The natural way to overcome diabetes with fruit

For those of you who have been confused and spend a lot of budget, because out of the hospital with the aim of treating this type of disease, then at least, information offerings click health info will help you to overcome diabetes that has been troubling you.

Here is the information related to the list of fruits that are very suitable for diabetics, namely below:
  1. Cherry.
    Many active substances that can fight against this one disease. Cherries not only contain calcium, but are rich in nutrients, carbohydrates, fiber and protein so that the fruit is worth consuming for diabetics.
  2. Mengkudu
    The content of good substances on mengkudu fatty acids, lignans, alkaloids, beta-sitosterol, flavonoids, and iridoid. According to the study, there is not enough solid evidence to conclude its positive effect on health. Meanwhile, mengkudu also contains a number of other nutrients, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B3, potassium, calcium, catechins, damnacanthal, sodium, iron, fiber, and carbohydrates. This fruit is very well consumed for diabetics.
  3. Strowbery.
    This fruit is very low in saturated fats (saturated fats), cholesterol and sodium. In addition, strawberries also include a good source of mineral potas, manganese and iron, equipped with some vitamins such as vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin K, vitamin A, and vitamin E. This berries Known as a fruit that can whiten teeth, but with low cholesterol and lemek, then strawberries are very good consumed diabetics.
  4. Wine.
    Wine is rich in antioxidants thanks to its vitamin A and C content. Grapes also contain calcium, iodine, manganese, potassium, zinc, selenium, and natural sugars like dectrosa and glucose. In addition, many other nutritional content that can nourish your body, such as energy, carbohydrates, manganese, fat, protein, flolat acid, vitamin B clomplet, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus, and calcium. Well, with the existing content, it is highly recommended for you diabetics mengkonsunsi this fresh fruit.
  5. Apple.
    With the content that exists in this fruit, is also very well consumed by people with this type of diabetes. What are some of the apples on? As the fruit is rich in vitamins consisting of A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and also vitamin C. This fruit is also rich in minerals composed of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc.
    Is it really needed by the body? In addition, apples also contain phytochemicals, the antioxidant substances that serve as an antidote to free radicals from various threats of air pollution and the surrounding environment. In addition, phytochemicals that can help suppress the amount of bad cholesterol (LDL) that can cause blockage in the blood vessels.
  6. Orange.
    Is a very rich fruit of vitamin C, and has other content such as fiber, food, pectin, folate, vitamin B1, vitamin A and beta-carotene antioxidant flavanoid, beta cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, and lutein. Orange also contains potassium, copper, pantothenic acid, and calcium in considerable amounts.
    The content of phytonutrients in citrus itself is quite diverse, ie citrus flavanones, anthocyanins, hydroxycinamic acids, hesperidin, naringin, naringenin, and various other polyphenols. With this content, oranges also include a list of fruits that can overcome the type of diabetes.
  7. Pear.
    Is a fruit that is also rich in vitamins, and rich in essential antioxidants, flavonoids and dietary fiber. Not only that, based on a quote from perks.co.id, a medium pear (about 178 grams) contains: 101 calories 0 grams, 27 grams of fat, carbohydrates (including 17 grams of sugar and 6 grams of fiber) 1 gram, and also Protein. Eating a medium pear will give 12% of daily vitamin C requirement, as well as 10% vitamin K, 6% of potassium and a smaller amount of calcium, iron, magnesium, riboflavin, vitamin B-6 and folate.
  8. Kiwi.
    Kiwifruit is rich in nutrients such as vitamin C, E, A, B (niacin, vitamin B6, and folate), potassium, fiber and magnesium, but low in sodium, cholesterol and saturated fats. One serving of kiwi fruit of 177g can contain: Calories - 108, Carbohydrates - 26g, Fiber, food - 5g, Vitamin C - 133mg, Protein - 2g Sodium - 5mg Sugar - 16g Calcium - 6 percent Vitamin E - 3 percent Iron - 3 percent . Thus, this one fruit also includes fruit dartar to overcome diabetes.
  9. Plum.
    This one fruit also contains a variety of healthy compounds, such as various vitamins and minerals. Plums contain vitamins such as vitamin A, C (ascorbic acid), folate and vitamin K (phylloquinone). It is also a source of vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B-6 and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol). Minerals in plums include potassium, fluorine, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, calcium and zinc. This fruit also contains dietary fiber but is low in calories and contains no harmful fats. For that is, healthy fruit is also included in the list of fruits that can overcome diabetes.
  10. Pineapple.
    As described by aladokter.com, this tropical fruit contains lots of vitamin C. In 3.5 ounces pineapple there is 47.8 mg of vitamin C. It also contains vitamin B, various minerals such as manganese, and fiber. Pineapple fruit is the only source of bromelain, a proteolytic enzyme that is widely used to treat various diseases. Thus, the pineapple is also able to overcome diabetes.
  11. Carambola.
    The content of nutritional value in star fruit is not only vitamin C, but this one fruit is also rich in other vitamins such as calories 31Kcal 1.5% carbohydrate 6.73 g 5% protein 1.04 g 2%, fat 0.33 g 1% cholesterol 0 mg 0%, fiber 2.80 G 7%, vitamin, folate 12 μg 3%, niacin 0.367 mg 2.25%, pyridoxine 0.017 mg 1.5%, piboflavin 0.016 mg 1.25%, thiamin 0.014 mg 1%, vitamin A 61 IU 2%, vitamin C 34.4 mg 57% Vitamin E 0.15 mg 1%, vitamin K 0 μg 0%.
    In addition, star fruit also contains, electrolytes, sodium 2 mg 0%, potassium 133 mg 3%, mineral, calcium 3 mg 0.3%, iron kat 0.08 mg 1%, magnesium 10 mg 2%, phosphorus 12 mg 2%, and zinc 0.12 Mg 1%. Therefore, with the existing content, starfruit is very good for diabetics.
  12. Mango.
    Fruit known to be rich in vitamin C, also contains other vitamins such as vitamin A source which is also a good antioxidant substances, but also there are vitamin B, calcium, minerals, folate, magnesium, fiber and also pantothenic acid. This is what makes mangoes very well consumed by diabetics.
  13. Papaya.
    As explained by carakhasiatfaat.com, this type of nutritional content of fruit that is, low-fat papaya and 0 cholesterol, but rich with a variety of nutrients that are needed by the body every day. Papaya contains carbohydrates (9.81g), and fiber 1.80 g or 4.5% of the total daily requirement is recommended. Papaya contains several good vitamin b complexes, such as folate, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and Thiamin.
    Other important vitamins that can be obtained from papaya are vitamin A, C, E, and vitamin K. Papaya also contains a fairly good amount of electrolytes, namely potassium as well as some important minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, pospor, and zinc. Important phytonutrients found in papaya are beta-carotene (276 μg), Beta Crypto-xanthin (761 μg) and Lutein-zeaxanthin (75 μg). For that, for you diabetics, consume this fruit.
  14. Watermelon.
    As explained by nitips.com, this fruit has many healthy ingredients such as, one watermelon consisting of 90 percent water and 6 percent sugar. This watermelon contains many vitamins including B1, B6, Vitamin A, and Vitamin C. In addition to containing vitamins, watermelon fruit also contains amino acids sitrulin, spantonetik acid, biotin, potassium, copper, magnesium, and potassium.
  15. Figs.
    This fruit contains high calcium and low sodium, it is certainly very good to prevent hypertension and control blood sugar. In addition, figs / tins also contain a lot of calcium is very good for bone formation. Such as omega 3, omega 6 and phenol content in dried figs can help prevent coronary heart disease.
  16. Tomato.
    The nutritional value of this fruit can help cure diabetics. This is evidenced by the existing nutritional content. Nutrients in one serving of raw tomatoes (one cup or 150 grams) include, vitamins A, C, K, folate and potassium. Tomatoes contain sodium, saturated fat, cholesterol and low calories. Most of us are unaware of sufficient mineral intake, but tomatoes present a good mineral content such as thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, magnesium, phosphorus and copper.
  17. Dragon fruit.
    The content of this dragon fruit as described by accuratepost.com, dragon fruit contains many nutrients that are very important for our body, the nutrients contained in the dragon fruit is phosphorus, calcium, carbohydrates, proteins and minerals. This fruit also contains many vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin b1, vitamin b2 and vitamin b12. For that, this one fruit is also included in the list of prevention of diabetes.
  18. Banana.
    As explained by klinikgizi.com, nutritional content in this fruit can also prevent the type of diabetes. This fruit contains 14 grams of sugar, 3 grams of fiber and 1 gram of protein per fruit. Bananas are a fruit source of potassium, carbohydrates, minerals, Vitamins C and B6, potassium, magnesium and manganese. In addition, bananas also contain calories.

For people with diabetes type that is either dry or melitus, at least by knowing the list of fruits that are able to overcome this disease, can minimize the cost incurred. Well, we think, there is no harm in consuming fresh fruit that can cure existing diseases.

We know, with nutritional content rich in vitamins in the list of fruit above, at least for people with this malignant disease can consume fresh fruit that exists. Hopefully with the above explanation can be useful for diabetics.

10 Juli 2017

Your Hair Is In Trouble? Here's how to care for natural hair and you can do it yourself at home

Your Hair Is In Trouble? Here's how to care for natural hair and you can do it yourself at home.

Healthy and shiny hair becomes everyone's coveted, especially women. For women who have healthy, shiny hair give more confidence to every appearance. Lately lots of offers from beauty salon for hair care. This makes most of the women are interested to try it. Instead of wanting to do hair care, but the results obtained do not like hope. Not least in salon hair care make hair that previously healthy and shiny become dull as it is not well maintained. But we ourselves can do it at home with natural ingredients. How to care for hair that is right and good? These refer to the review below.


Your Hair Is In Trouble? Here's how to care for natural hair

How To Naturally Treat Hair.
In fact, not all of the products offered to our hair care suitable to the type of the scalp and hair. That's why after doing hair care, instead of getting healthy on the contrary. Do hair care in the salon is actually not a problem.

However, the use of materials that contain chemical substances as well as hair care appliances such as blow dryer too long make our hair fragile is easy.
  1. Aloe Vera & Avocado.
    How to care for hair that first is you can make your own shampoo from natural ingredients. Such as Aloe Vera and avocado. In the previous article, we've given you discuss how to use the Aloe Vera and avocado for hair loss, how to resolve in this article both these ingredients you can make as a hair mask. In the same way as in the previous article, i.e. take Aloe Vera flesh and mash together with the avocado fruit, and then apply it to the hair. Do like placing a regular shampooing. For maximum results lakuan treatment is as much 2-3 week all.
  2. Juice the celery leaves.
    Very nice celery leaves as one of how to care for hair so soft. The trick is quite easy, create a leaf juice celery then let sit overnight, you can place the juice of celery leaves in a jar. The next morning apply the juice to the hair you evenly and let stand approximately 10-15 minutes the next rinse until clean. This way you can do twice a week or as needed.
  3. Apple Cider vinegar & warm water.
    Even if you hair drenched after shampooing? 2 the above materials can make the hair you expand. Do I mix apple cider vinegar with warm water, you can use the comparison 1:1. Mix these ingredients used to wet the hair. Let stand for 5 minutes then rinse until clean until the smell of vinegar hair missing from you.
  4. Lemon juice.
    Maybe some of you love to make or buy a lemon juice to consumption, but do you know? In addition to the good for our body, lemon juice is also very good for our hair care. Lemon juice you can take advantage of to overcome dull hair. Here's how after making the last membilaskan when shampooing, application of lemon juice in your hair you let stand approximately 5-10 minutes rinse hair clean until you return. That's how to care for hair with lemon juice.
  5. Almond oil.
    Hair that is dry and dull hair can make you easy brittle. To fix it you can use almond oil as a way of taking care of your hair dry and dull. You can make use of Almond oil as a hair vitamin. The trick is very simple, pour the almond oil into the bowl after that pre-heat for approximately 40 minutes, and then apply it to the hair you evenly. Let stand for 15-30 minutes rinse hair next steps you can. Use shampoo and conditoner you can do.
  6. Bottle Gourd Juice.
    Take a few pieces of fruit and a blender bottle gourd smooth as juice. After that apply throughout the section of hair you evenly. Bottle gourd juice let sit for approximately 30 minutes so that the juices of this pumpkin potion percolating into the scalp. After 30 minutes rinse hair clean with water until you can also add the shampoo to the hair.
  7. Baking Soda.
    Who says just the baking soda can be used to make a cake. In addition to making the cake. Baking soda can as a hair care you naturally. Do I dissolve as much baking soda 3 tablespoons into the water and then use this mixture for rinsing hair. The function of banking soda it is to reduce the biological chemicals that are in shampoos or hair styling products the rest of you do.
  8. Tidy up Hair.
    Hair ye forked? She tips her. Hairs branching is one of damage to your hair problems therefore how to care for damaged hair due to branching you can do by way of regular hair cut, hair branching typically occurs around the ends of the hair. Therefore, ye rajinlah ye smoothed the hair at least 3 months once cut his hair. In addition to avoid problems by doing the branching, hair cutting hair pieces regularly make you stay awake form. As additional info, excessive ultraviolet light could be one result of the hair you've forked. It's good before placing Sulzer room you can give a serum containing keratin hair are good for you.
  9. Correct Combing Technique.
    Combing hair is always a champion every day. But there is actually a hair to comb out techniques so that the hair does not tangle or loss. At a time when combing do movement combing from the bottom of the hair first and then the upper part, it is useful to minimize the occurrence of loss due to Frizz. Notice you? comb made of plastic material can conduct static electricity? This will make you hair is damaged. Therefore, avoid using toothed Combs are made of plastic.
  10. The consumption of healthy foods.
    The last hair caring tips is to consume a healthy diet. What you consume will be visible from outside ourselves. Therefore always tried to consume healthy eating such as drinking water, multiply the fruits and vegetables that are good for the body and hair.

Such information is related to the natural way of treating the hair of our offerings. You can choose one of the above tips for hair care. Don't be lazy Yes to treat you hair naturally. Hopefully the tips how to care for hair above could help you overcome problems on the hair.

8 Juli 2017

What Are The Benefits of "Fruit" Bit?

The fruit Bit is the plant tubers that are widely used for a natural treatment. The benefits of the fruit bits that can be consumed by means braised, steamed, roasted, blended, or eaten raw it very much.

But, bit is not a type of fruit, but rather dark colored vegetables that grow in the ground. Beets contain potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, carbohydrates, proteins, antioxidants, soluble fiber, and most notably folate or vitamin B9. In fact, eating half a cup cooked beets are already able to meet 17 percent of a total of 400-600 micrograms folic the recommended daily intake. In addition, bit also contain no saturated fat or cholesterol.

Bit Fruit Benefits For Body Health, Maternity and Infant

The benefits of the fruit bits
Lined nutrients contained in beetroot certainly make vegetable that is often suspected this fruit has many benefits to the body. What are the benefits of "fruit" bit?

Heart and blood pressure
Bit rich in nitrates. In the body, these substances will be transformed into nitric oxide which is believed capable of lowering blood pressure. In fact, there is evidence to suggest that the juice bit capable of reducing blood pressure, although only slightly.
In addition, the red pigment of betacyanin in beetroot is thought to play a role in reducing inflammation associated with heart disease. But it needs further research and evidence to support the benefit of "fruit" bit for the health of the heart and blood vessels.

Brain
Bit rich in nitrates that will be converted to nitrite by bacteria in the mouth. Nitrite helps the opening of blood vessels (widen the blood vessels), as well as increase blood flow and oxygen to places that lack of oxygen. Drinking beetroot juice is allegedly able to improve blood flow to the brain in elderly and senile dementia symptoms development against. But again, still required further research and evidence to support the various statements about the benefits of "fruit" bit.

Diabetes
Beets contain antioxidants, alpha-lipoic acid proven can lower glucose levels, improved insulin sensitivity, and prevent the oxidation process of cells in diabetics.

Sports and athletic performance
Beet juice can increase your oxygen intake is suspected to muscle as long as we exercise. As a result, the body is able to work out in time, once again, this is thanks to the content of nitrates in beet. Bit it is believed can help sufferers of respiratory, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic or who have difficulty exercising for fear of becoming congested. But remember that if a bit of juice drink should not be exaggerated. In addition, still required further research and evidence to support the above statement.

Hearts
There is some evidence that States if the chemicals in the bit can help fight fat deposits in the liver. However, further research is still needed to support the evidence.

Inflammation
Beets contain kolin which helps the movement of muscles, learning, memory, and sleep man. Kolin also helps maintain the structure of cell membranes, nerve impulse transmission, absorption of fat, and reduce chronic inflammation.

Cancer
Researchers believe if the red pigment of betacyanin in beetroot can protect the body from growing cancer cells. However, further research is still needed to support the statement.

Digestion
Because of its high fiber content, bit helps prevent constipation.

The benefits of "fruit" bit is indeed very useful for body health. But that does not mean you can consume a large amount of bits. Eating too much can thus lower the bit rate of calcium in the body, damaging the kidneys, even aggravate kidney disease.

4 Juli 2017

Getting Rid of Acne Breakouts While Keeping Skin Healthy

Tips eliminate acne facial cleanser with SOAP | In addition to diligently wash your face, also needed treatment so that your face looks brighter and cleaner. To get rid of acne face wash way without using SOAP cleanser, medically certainly will not be the maximum. That is to say, to get a clean face, natural are indeed needed treatment on a regular basis, at least once daily face wash. In order for your facial skin looks clean, then the required SOAP cleanser to help brighten the face, against acne and also removes blackheads.

Use SOAP to face cleanser to get wonderful results. Then it is necessary to know the type of leather, in order not to choose the wrong SOAP cleanser. Why is this so? In the year 2017 is the myriad types of SOAP facial cleanser, it is certainly due to the suitability of different types of human skin with existing products. Get rid of acne by using SOAP, facial cleanser is a modern way that is often performed on the digital age. However, it is strongly recommended to select face care products based on or in accordance with the type of skin.

Getting Rid of Acne Breakouts While Keeping Skin Healthy

For those of you who have oily skin or excessive oil on the face. Thus, SOAP cleanser that is suitable for your use is Garnier, why? because this one cleanser SOAP products containing natural ingredients such as Wasabi Extract and Salicylic Acid also known as anti-bacterial materials. The content of this natural formula can help reduce the excess oil, fight acne, eliminate blackheads or black spots on the face, and can make the pores of the face shrinks.

SOAP facial skin cleanser is suitable for women and also the male based on skin type. What's more SOAP garnier now many types of products that they put out with the goal of keeping all skin types fit with garnier. The benefits that can be felt by users in addition to addressing the problem of acne, acne scars and excessive oil on the face can be resolved.

One of a kind product Garnier Active Pure Fruit i.e. the Energy facial skin cleanser can thus get the skin a bright shine. The content of the SOAP cleanser is like Grapefruit and Pomegranate extract, Vitamin C, and is also anti-bacterial ingredient. Existing active substances are certainly able to fight acne, oily skin, and dull skin so that the face looks brighter and shinier.

Read Also: Here's the easy way to Tackle dry skin and dull

With natural materials used by the products and already at the combine and packaged into SOAP facial cleanser would certainly be a solution for you that has the problem skin breakouts. Thus, it is surely time saving and very practical use when washing your face.

How To Use A Facial Cleanser Soap
You need to know, with the content of the extract is there, certainly able to help brighten the face, against Acne to clean out the blackheads on the face. However, please follow how to use it in order to get maximum results. As SOAP cleaners, surely use when washing face, be it while bathing and also just wash your face. For those of you who feel fit with SOAP cleanser garnier, then it can buy it at the supermarket or mall nearby.

Furthermore you can use as a facial cleanser in order to remove acne. Do I simply poured it slightly on your hands after memcuci face, then usaplah on the facial skin to dispense foam. Let the foam SOAP garnier evenly on the skin of the face while you wipe the swab. While waiting for the next sink in the face, then doing other activities when you use while taking a bath, and then rinse until clean.

For those of you who just use SOAP when washing your face, then wash your face first, then wipe with SOAP new garnier. Let a few seconds until the SOAP evenly on the skin of the face. And Please rinse until clean. To get maximum results, then wash your face regularly and routinely using this cleanser SOAP. And for those of you who are familiar with SOAP cleansers and moisturizers also from garnier, it will be better to get a face that shines.

So how to clean facial skin to be able to get rid of acne based on skin type. In this article click health info provides information SOAP cleanser facial skin with garnier. Because this is one SOAP SOAP cleanser that is also a solution to get rid of acne due to skin greasy and unhealthy. May be useful and helpful to visitors.